Bystander Intervention

Longitudinal Associations Between Features of Toxic Masculinity and Bystander Willingness to Intervene in Bullying among Middle School Boys

Little work has examined how toxic masculinity constructs such as (lack of) empathy, positive attitudes surrounding bullying and sexual harassment, social dominance orientation, and homophobic bullying are related to changes in WTI during adolescence. Thus, the current study used growth mixture modeling to examine the extent to which correlates of toxic masculinity are associated with longitudinal trajectories of WTI.